Financial statement analysis, as the name implies, is the study of a company’s financial documents for the purpose of understanding its financial health. Financial statements are usually
prepared by companies for internal purposes only. They are used for making decisions on where to invest, what type of assets and liabilities they need, etc. However, this procedure is not
restricted to internal use only; the general public is also allowed to review financial statements and gain information about how their investment decisions are affecting the company.
In order for financial statement analysis to be successful, there are a number of steps involved.
o The company’s financial records are reviewed. This includes a thorough analysis of the company’s cash flow and financial positions, an understanding of its creditworthiness and the
capability of the company to repay its creditors, the company’s profit margins, and other critical financial factors.
o The financial statement is evaluated to determine the accuracy of the data that it contains. This evaluation involves the comparison of financial data with other relevant data such as
industry reports, and general economic reports.
o A company’s ability to meet its obligations is also assessed to determine if the company is on track to meet its goals. The company must also analyze its revenue projections to determine
whether or not it can meet these projections. In addition to revenue projections, the company must also evaluate the company’s expenses, and its cash-flow projections to ensure that the
company is able to fulfill its financial commitments.
o Other aspects of the financial documents that are analyzed include: the balance of payments and debt to equity ratios; key risks to the financial statements; changes in the debt and equity
financing; changes in the company’s credit ratings; and the company’s ability to repay its debts. Any changes made to a financial document in the past should be evaluated to determine if they
still affect the financial strength of the company.
o A company’s financial status is also evaluated through a series of risk assessments. These include:
This analysis process allows the company to develop a full picture of the financial stability of the company. When a business is in trouble, this information can help management make informed
decisions regarding the future of the company.
o The analysis of the company’s business is an integral part of its analysis. In order for the company to properly evaluate its business, it needs to carefully examine its creditworthiness, its
cash-flow, and its cash-earnings projections. The analysis should also consider any negative or positive events that have occurred in the company’s history.
o The balance sheet is one of the most important financial documents in the financial statements because it details the assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenditures of the company. A complete
analysis of this document will provide the information required to plan and control the growth of the business.
o The accounting policies of the company are also examined in the company’s financial statement. It is important for the company to carefully review all of its annual and quarterly
reports and the accounting policies that govern its financial activities.
o The financial statements should also be reviewed to determine the company’s business plan. A well-constructed business plan is essential to properly managing the company’s capital investments.
o The financial statement provides the foundation for planning and controlling the company’s capital investment. It is also used to evaluate the financial capacity of the company to meet its
debt obligations. It should include information on the company’s debt obligations, as well as its assets and equity.