Home Workplace Management The Key Aspects of the Management Process

The Key Aspects of the Management Process

by Jackson B

Management process is an ongoing process of determining how best to achieve a certain result, such as: achieving customer objectives, determining what resources are required, estimating the cost and benefits of a particular project or action, determining the success rate and the probability of achieving a specific goal. This process involves making decisions, setting standards, defining performance and analyzing events. There is continuous interaction between people and departments in organizations. Therefore, there is need for consistent quality management process.

Leading involves leading by example. Managers set standards and determine what must be done in order to achieve those standards. They implement policies, create strategies, identify people’s needs and motivate them by providing a feeling of importance. Managers also motivate other employees through a variety of ways, such as motivating people by giving gifts, prizes, praise, recognition, and threats of losing one’s job if they do not comply with company policy. Leadership also involves communicating with others about what is expected of them and getting their cooperation.

Organizing involves coordinating, planning, commanding, leading and controlling. The main function of organizing employees is to control. They organize employees into a working group by using organizational chart systems, procedures, roles and responsibilities and rewards and incentives. They plan the flow of work by delegating managerial authority to managers who oversee implementation. They use decision making, monitoring, organizing and controlling processes to control decision-making and organizing processes.

Controlling involves determining which tasks are performed by whom and how best to manage by using feedback from other staff members. It involves ordering the production of goods and services and determining quality standards, by producing quality goods and services that meet desired standards. They also control production costs by controlling prices and developing marketing campaigns. They coordinate with external organizations that are external to the organization structure to obtain the best results.

Leading involves exercising control over tasks and directing their execution. They exercise overall direction over the business to ensure consistent performance. They exercise overall leadership responsibility for the organization to ensure that it achieves or meets its objectives. They also coordinate with managers and other staff to achieve the best results in the shortest time possible.

Planning, organizing, leading and controlling involve analyzing and determining what organization’s needs, the resources available to accomplish these needs and the procedures needed to reach these objectives. Managers organize people in groups according to their skills, knowledge and abilities to work and coordinate production and costs to achieve the desired results. Planning involves establishing priorities, designing a work program and setting standards for doing business. Organizing involves communicating with others and reaching agreement on the priorities and the methods to achieve the goals. They then communicate these plans and procedures to all staff to aid in their effective performance.

Controlling and organizing entail achieving measurable objectives and promoting the effective performance of the staff to attain the goals. They motivate people by setting high standards, providing incentives for good performance, and holding staff accountable for meeting goals and the success of the goals. Leaders also encourage people to follow their leadership style and create an environment of motivation, openness and respect within the team to encourage innovation and creativity. In order to effectively lead, leaders must set high expectations for employees to exceed these expectations.

Most individuals want to do things that make them feel successful. Managing requires managers to take the time to understand their staffs needs, the obstacles that are hindering progress and finding ways to overcome these obstacles. Achieving organizational goals takes time and constant effort. Managers should expect their staffs to work collaboratively with them to increase productivity and reduce costs. When managers support their staffs, help them develop skills, provide incentives and support them in their professional growth, then they will be satisfied and stay with the organization for years to come.


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