By Ali Hamriti, Co-Founder and CEO at Rollee
The gig economy has been a game changer in the world of work. It has enabled people to diversify their income streams and benefit from the flexibility of work. The number of ‘independent workers’ increased by over a third during the pandemic. Today, 19.2 million Europeans now identify as independent workers, 4.4 million of which are based in the UK, according to research by the University of Hertfordshire.
As a result, people’s sources of income are increasingly diversifying. 48% of UK gig workers do a side hustle to top up their income from other sources and 52% rely on gig work as their primary source of income.
There are several benefits of having a diversified income. With multiple incomes, a worker can gain more financial security than in a single job. For example, if one of several jobs is cut down, you can still invest your time in other ventures. Another benefit of having several incomes is the gain of flexible work. A worker can focus on the income that delivers the most at a given time, and flexibly shift to his other activities if the income is stagnating.
Yet with the attractive benefits of greater financial freedom and income security, many independent workers find themselves experiencing unequal access to financial services such as mortgages or loans. In fact, 28% of the UK’s self-employed struggle to access the financial services they require, according to consumer research from Tink. In addition, a third of the self-employed (33%) believe their employment status has been an obstacle to getting a mortgage, and 31% believe it has affected their ability to obtain credit.
Gig workers are at a disadvantage due to the current system
Independent workers simply have more to prove and the current system of verifying an individual’s working data does not make it easy.
Financial institutions currently operate manually to verify and administer the employment and income data of an individual. When verifying someone with one regular source of income, this process quickly recognises this record as a stable income. With gig workers earnings coming from different sources from one month to the next, financial institutions are tasked with tracking down different data records which are separated and dispersed from one platform or record to another. This makes it painfully time-consuming for financial institutions to verify an individual’s employment and income data making it difficult to make decisions such as granting mortgages. This slow and risky process means that independent workers face a long journey of delays, and sometimes barriers, when proving their solvency to financial institutions. Often, financial institutions do not have the time which results in workers being denied access to financial services and business being lost in the process.
Sharing the truth of hard work
To reflect the truth of a gig workers earnings, the way financial institutions access and analyse data needs to evolve. They need a way of doing deep and complete analysis of a worker’s activity and earnings. This requires adopting a fully digitised process to gain full visibility and transparency of multiple dispersed data sets in real-time.
Automation plays a key role in consolidating and standardising the data to avoid going through painful manual processes. It can help save significant time and money spent on analysing the data to inform financial service decisions. By speeding up the process, business conversions such as selling mortgages can be made quicker with the ability to verify the data much faster than before.
In addition, by using one central, monitored system to analyse data in, the financial institution can gain greater transparency to guarantee the reliability of the data and protect against fraudulent documents.
The adoption of digital processes can also help to empower individual workers to remain the owner of their own data, giving permission to share on-demand access to the data without sharing the data itself. Gig platforms can also do more to facilitate inclusivity of financial services by making their workers’ data sharing easier and on a consent basis.
One other thing that needs to change is the way that credit scores are calculated. Today’s calculations are outdated and don’t consider the new work habits and the multiple incomes that independent workers can accumulate. The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) must play a role here to help revise the rules that financial institutions have to follow to make credit score calculations a fairer assessment to independent workers.
Maintaining competitive business
As the number of independent workers grow and accumulate multiple income streams, financial systems must change so they can verify employment and income data to stay competitive. It will be the only way to do business with a currently excluded market that partly represents the customers of the future.